U T Dallas
IPEC 4303 Political Economy of South and Southeast Asia
Final Examination, Spring 2017
Answer all four questions. All have equal weight. The total pages should be about 6 to 8 (1 or 2 pages per question). If you need more pages, go ahead; the length is not a limit, just a guide. Think, then write. These are questions that call for you to analyze and understand the material, not just find and repeat it. If you use a source outside of the course reading, give a full enough reference for me to find it. If you refer to one of the texts, you can just say something like “as Wolpert says” or give a parenthetical reference to the page (Sar Desai: 12). Whenever you use quoted material, be sure to indicate your interpretation of it—what you think it says or shows. Answers are due at 7:00 pm, Thursday, May 4. You can email me an electronic copy. If you want to turn in a printed copy, to be sure of the formatting and so on, slip it under my office door (GR 3.128).
1. Persistence of ethnic loyalties. Why is ethnicity and ethnic group identification so powerful and persistent in Southeast Asia, especially in rural areas? Illustrate your answer with at least two cases, which may be from the same country.
2. Struggle against colonial powers. Thailand remained independent of the Western colonial powers in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. The Peoples Republic of Viet Nam remained independent of Russia and China after WWII in the 20th. Describe the similarities in the ways they did it.
3. Effect of colonial history. Compare the effect on post-independence social and economic development of American colonial policies in the Philippines with either Dutch policy in Indonesia or French policies in Viet Nam.
4. Post-colonial struggle for stability. In the period since World War II, most of the independent governments of South and Southeast Asia have been confronted with substantial insurgencies seeking to establish a separate region or to take over the government as a whole. Examples are the Bangladesh War of Independence, the LTTE in Sri Lanka, Maoists in Nepal, the Shan and Kachin independence movements in Burma, the Huks in the Philippines, the Communists in Indonesia, Aceh in Indonesia, East Timor in Indonesia, and of course the Viet Minh in Viet Nam. What kind of government actions are associated with insurgencies that grow and gain power while the government becomes weaker, and what kind are associated with insurgencies that weaken and disappear while the government becomes stronger, and why? Give at least one example of a government’s successful response to such a movement, and one example of an unsuccessful response.